Maintenance of Excavators



Maintenance of Excavators

The maintenance of excavators is a comprehensive task that covers multiple crucial aspects to ensure their smooth operation and extended lifespan. Here are some key points regarding the maintenance of excavators:

  1. Regular Replacement of Oil, Filters, and Other Consumables: The engine oil, oil filters, air filters, and other consumables need to be replaced regularly to maintain the cleanliness and efficient operation of the engine and hydraulic system.
  2. Inspection of Hydraulic Oil and Lines: Regularly check the quantity and quality of hydraulic oil to ensure it falls within the specified range, and inspect the hydraulic lines for any leaks or damage.
  3. Cleaning and Checking of Seals: After each use, clean both the interior and exterior of the excavator, including the machine surface and dust inside the cab. Simultaneously, regularly inspect the sealing conditions of hydraulic cylinders, mechanisms, hydraulic pipes, and other parts, and promptly repair any leaks found.
  4. Inspection of Wear and Tear: Regularly inspect the wear and tear of components such as the turning frame, tracks, sprockets, and chains. Replace worn-out parts promptly.
  5. Inspection of Engine, Electrical, Air Conditioning, and Lighting Components: Ensure that these components are functioning normally and promptly repair any abnormalities found.
  6. Attention to Shutdown and Decompression: Before performing maintenance on the excavator, ensure it is shut down. When maintaining parts such as hydraulic cylinders, first release the pressure.
  7. Regular Comprehensive Maintenance: Excavators require regular maintenance, typically every 200 to 500 hours, depending on the machine's operation manual. Comprehensive and careful maintenance is essential, avoiding overlooking the maintenance of small parts.
  8. Fuel Management: Choose diesel fuel based on ambient temperature and ensure it is not mixed with impurities, dust, or water. Regularly fill the fuel tank and drain any water before operation.
  9. Attention to Transmission and Electrical Systems: Regularly check the quantity and quality of hydraulic oil and lubricant in the transmission system, as well as the normal operation and safety of the electrical system.

Moreover, the awareness of excavator operators towards maintenance is crucial. Many operators believe that technicians can handle machine failures, but daily maintenance is essential for the normal operation and extended lifespan of excavators.

In conclusion, the maintenance of excavators involves multiple aspects that require the joint efforts of operators and technicians. Regular, comprehensive, and careful inspections and maintenance are essential to ensure the smooth operation and extended lifespan of excavators.

Post time: Apr-17-2024